Early enteral nutrition's impact on the postoperative nutritional state and the blood immunological index values in patients undergoing radical gastric cancer surgery

Authors

Abstract

Abstract
Background: Early Enteral Nutrition (EEN) is the most commonly used postoperative feeding method. It is more
in accordance with the physiological state in order to provide complete nutrition with less complications, making it
a safe and effective technique of efficiently improving visceral function. EEN is more convenient for blood
glucose regulation because, on the one hand, it maintains intestinal mucosal integrity and enhances intestinal
permeability, allowing glucose-dependent insulinotropic hormones to be secreted. The influence of early enteral
EEN on nutrient intake and blood glucose levels in patients with stomach cancer accompanied by diabetes
mellitus.
Objective: The objective of this research was to investigate the impact of early enteral nutrition on the
postoperative nutritional status and blood immunological index values in patients with radical gastric cancer
surgery.
Methods: In this experiment, a total of 130 patients were included in this study who underwent radical resection
of gastric cancer during October 2019 to October 2020. Using the random number table method, they were divided
into control group and test group. This was done to investigate the effect of early enteral nutrition on postoperative
nourishing state and blood immune index levels in patients undergoing radical gastric cancer surgery, the test
group received enteral nutrition emulsion TPF after surgery, while the control group received total parenteral
nutrition support 24 hours following surgery.
Results: The time for patients in the test group to return to normal anus and defecation, total naso-intestinal tube
drainage, and naso-intestinal tube placement were significantly reduced when compared to the control group; on
the first day after surgery, Hb, Alb, PA, and surgery in the 2 groups were considerably distinct. It reduced
dramatically as compared to the test group, and there was no notable change between the observation and control
groups. On the 8th day of surgery, the Hb, Alb, and PA indicators in the treated groups were significantly increased
as compared to the control group; on the 1st day after surgery, IgA, IgM, IgG, CD3+, CD4+, CD4+/CD8+ were
considerably lower in the tested groups as compared to before surgery; on the 8th day after the surgery all the
participants in the test group exceeded the levels of the control group.
Conclusion: EEN can successfully increase intestinal function restoration in patients with radical gastric cancer
surgery, by improving clinical efficacy and immunological function, through the improvement of the patients'
nutritional condition after surgery, and by preventing the incidence of problems. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2022;
36(3) 00-00]
Keywords: early enteral nutrition; radical gastric cancer; nutritional status; immune indicators

Published

2022-09-01

How to Cite

Jing Wang. (2022). Early enteral nutrition’s impact on the postoperative nutritional state and the blood immunological index values in patients undergoing radical gastric cancer surgery. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 36(3). Retrieved from https://ejhd.org/index.php/ejhd/article/view/5355

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Section

Original Articles