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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Are you sure that the Author information is not present in the content?
  • Is the Cover Letter in a separate file

Author Guidelines

  1. Cover Letter
    1. Title,brief description of the manuscript and its significance
    2. Suggested section
    3. Explanation of any conflict of interest
    4. Signed by corresponding author
  2. Signed authorship statement from all authors (Refer format)
  3. Title page
    1. Title of article

The title should be clear and informative and should reflect the aim and approach of the work

  1. Abstract

The abstract should be a concise (250 words or less), stand alone summary of the paper

  • Background: What issues led to this work? What is the environment that makes this work interesting or important?
  • Aim
  • Methods:
  • Results: What were the main results of the study (including numbers, if appropriate)
  • Conclusions: What were the main conclusions? Why are the results important?
  • Keywords
  1. Introduction
    • Indicate the field of the work, why this field is important, and what has already been done
    • Indicate a gap, raise a research question, or challenge from previous work in this territory
    • Outline the purpose and announce the present research, clearly indicating what is novel and why it is significant
    • Avoid repeating the abstract; providing unnecessary background information; exaggerating the importance of work.


  • Describe how the results were generated with sufficient detail so that an independent researcher (working in the same field) could reproduce the results sufficiently to allow validation of the conclusions.
  • Has the chosen method been justified?
  • Are data analysis and statistical approaches justified, with assumptions and biases considered?
  • Avoid including results in the method section; including extraneous details (unnecessary to enable reproducibility or judge validity); treating the method as a chronological history of what happened; unneeded references to commercial products; references to “proprietary” products or processes unavailable to the reader.

 Results and Discussion

  • Present the results of the paper, in logical order, using tables and graphs as necessary
  • Explain the results and show how they help to answer the research questions posed in the introduction. Evidence doesn’t explain itself; the results must be presented and then explained.
  • Typical stages in the discussion: summarizing the results, discussing whether results are expected or unexpected, comparing these results to previous work, interpreting and explaining the results
  • Avoid presenting results that are never discussed: presenting discussion that doesn’t relate to any of the results; presenting results and discussion in chronological order rather than logical order; ignoring results that don’t support the conclusions; drawing conclusions from results without logical arguments to back them up.


  • Provide a very brief summary of Results and Discussion
  • Emphasize the implications of the findings, explaining how the work is significant and providing the key message(s) the author wishes to convey
  • Provide the most general claims that can be supported by the evidence
  • Provide suggested future perspective on the work (recommendations)
  • Avoid: repeating the abstract; repeating background information from the introduction; introducing new evidence or new arguments not found in the Results and Discussion; failing to address all of the research questions set out in the Introduction.


  • Include citations that provide sufficient context to allow for critical analysis of this work by others.
  • Include citations that give the reader sources of background and related material so that the current work can be understood by the target audience
  • Include citations that acknowledge and give credit to sources relied upon for this work
  • Use Vancouver referencing style

Figures and Tables

  • Ensure that the figures accurately and carefully document the data and their context
  • Provide appropriate titles that best describe the content
  • Figures and Tables should appear in the last page of the document
  • Total number of combined Tables and Figures should not exceed six.
  • Tables should be as compact as possible, and if possible should not spread over pages. But if that is inevitable, use proper table breaks.

General Formatting

  • Font size should be 12 in Time Romance
  • Space between lines should be 1.5
  • The document should be prepared in the order of sections described above
  • The total document size, excluding figures and Tables, should not be more than 3600 words

Privacy Statement

The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development is a multi and interdisciplinary platform that provides space for public health experts in academics, policy and programs to share empirical evidence to contribute to health development agenda.

We publish original research articles, reviews, brief communications and commentaries on public health issues, to inform current research, policy and practice in all areas of common interest to the scholars in the field of public health, social sciences and humanities, health practitioners and policy makers. The journal publishes material relevant to any aspect of public health from a wide range of fields: epidemiology, environmental health, health economics, reproductive health, behavioral sciences, nutrition, psychiatry, social pharmacy, medical anthropology, medical sociology, clinical psychology and wide arrays of social sciences and humanities.