The significance of PICC nursing health education on the healthy development of breast cancer patients and its application effects
Aim: Breast cancer is the most prevalent disease affecting human life nowadays, and its global morbidity and mortality are increasing annually. Nowadays, peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) technology has been recognized by the majority of medical workers and widely employed in clinical departments of hospitals at all levels, but there is a need for wide study on PICC technology. Therefore, this study was conducted evaluate the significance of PICC nursing health education on the healthy development of breast cancer patients and its application effects. This study was conducted to elucidate the impact and application of nursing interventions based on the intelligent grip strength system in patients with tumor peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) on promoting functional exercise and quality of life.
Objective: To examine the catheter maintenance compliance, psychological well-being, and lack of PICC maintenance for breast cancer patients.
Methods: 128 men and women aged 20 - 85 years with malignant tumours who received PICC line maintenance from November 2019 to March 2020 were included in the research cohort. In this research, only patients who had a PICC placement for less than two weeks, with a malignant tumour and who were less than 20 years old were included in this study. Patients who were able to complete the questionnaires on their own or with assistance were also included. Two equal groups were formed, group C (control) and group S (study). HPLP-II was used to categories the patients. Catheter maintenance compliance, psychological well-being, and lack of PICC maintenance were examined the factors examined in this study.
Results: Group C and Group S were statistically indistinguishable in terms of demographic characteristics such as gender, age, education, location, and family income (p>0.05). This research found that there were significant differences between the high and moderate level groups in terms of education and other factors, such as family income and length of catheterization (p<0.05). Immediately after the intervention, both the HPLP-II and CPPSM scores were enhanced, and both scales' scores in the intervention group were greater than in the control group (p<0.05). Patient education has been found to substantially reduce patients' anxiety and sadness throughout therapy, as shown by lowered SAS and SDS scale ratings in both groups following the intervention (p<0.05). According to the results (p<0.05), patient education may improve catheter maintenance and compliance in the study group (as opposed to the control group).
Patient education has the potential to greatly decrease PICC maintenance failures, as indicated in Table 5 (p<0.05), which indicates that 10% of study participants had PICC failures compared to 22% of the control group. The rate of problems during placement in the study group was considerably lower as compared to the control group (p<0.05), demonstrating that patient education may greatly minimize the frequency of difficulties during placement.
Conclusion: In this study, it was observed that patient education may increase healthy behavior and self-management skills as well as prevent problems, relieve negative feelings, and improve compliance. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2022; 36(3) 00-00]
Keywords: cancer patients, PICC, health-promoting behaviors, health education