Assessment of Distribution, Knowledge and Utilization of Insecticide Treated Nets in Selected Malaria Prone Areas of Ethiopia

Authors

  • Abebe Animut
  • Teshome Gebre-Michael
  • Girmay Medhin
  • Meshesha Balkew
  • Seife Bashaye
  • Aklilu Seyoum

Abstract

Abstract Background: Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) reduce malaria related mortality and morbidity significantly. Taking this into account, the Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health has been distributing ITNs to malaria prone areas of the country through the support of the Global Fund. Objective: To study distributional coverage and assess the knowledge and utilization of insecticide treated nets in Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 17 malarious districts targeted for the first phase free distribution of long lasting insecticide treats nets (LLITNs) by the Ministry of Health in 9 administrative regions from October 2005 to September 2006. Region specific list of malarious districts where MOH distributed ITNs was used as the sampling frame for stratified random sampling of districts. One kebele (sub district) was selected from each of the selected districts using simple random sampling, and 15% of the total households in the selected kebeles were selected using systematic random sampling. Upon obtaining informed consent from the household head or the oldest person in the household the questionnaire was administered and information was recorded. Data were double entered using EpiData version 3 and analyzed using SPSS version 12. Results: A total of 3131 households were visited, and 51.6% of the respondents were males. The overall ITN distribution and utilization were 97.6% and 81.6%, respectively. The majority of households (53.2%) owned a single net per family, highest in Dire Dawa (93.7%) and lowest in Afar (17.6%). Thirty eight percent of the respondents owned two nets per household. Most of the respondents (91.1%) cited that ITNs are useful to control malaria either through prevention of mosquito bites (60%) or prevention of the disease (39%). Conclusion: ITN distribution, utilization, knowledge of users and its acceptability were good considering the recent introduction of the products. However, the person net ratio gap should be narrowed and emphasis needs to be given to vulnerable groups. [Ethiop.J.Health Dev. 2008;22(3):268-274]

Published

2016-11-08

How to Cite

Animut, A., Gebre-Michael, T., Medhin, G., Balkew, M., Bashaye, S., & Seyoum, A. (2016). Assessment of Distribution, Knowledge and Utilization of Insecticide Treated Nets in Selected Malaria Prone Areas of Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 22(3). Retrieved from https://ejhd.org/index.php/ejhd/article/view/511

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