Transmission of Schistosoma mansoni in Tikur Wuha area, Southern Ethiopia

Authors

Abstract

Abstract Background: Although the epidemiology of schistosomiasis is well established and the disease distribution has also been mapped in Ethiopia, discovery of new foci has continuously been reported. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the establishment of transmission of schistosomiasis mansoni in Tikur Wuha area, southern Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional epidemiological study involving 375 school children in Tikur Wuha Elementary School was conducted in December 2007 and January 2008. Stool specimens were collected and microscopically examined using Kato-Katz method. Snail survey was also conducted using scoop in Tikur Wuha River and littoral zone of Lake Awassa on the side of Tikur Wuha Kebele (administrative unit). The snails collected were checked for trematode infection by shedding. Laboratory-bred mice were exposed to schistosome cercariae and definite identification of the schistosome was made using eggs and adult worm morphology. Results: The prevalence and intensity of schistosomiasis mansoni was 12% and 69 eggs per gram (epg) of stool, respectively. Biomphalaria sudanica collected in Tikur Wuha River shed schistosome cercariae. Adult S. mansoni worms were harvested from laboratory-bred mice after 6 weeks of laboratory maintenance. Conclusion: The prevalence and intensity of schistosomiasis mansoni among school children was low and the area represents low-risk community. The finding of S. mansoni infected young children, the collection of B. sudanica infected with schistosome cercariae, and the establishment of infection in lab-bred mice all confirmed the transmission of schistosomiasis mansoni in Tikur Wuha area. Appropriate intervention measures need to be in place to reduce morbidity and transmission of intestinal schistosomiasis in the area. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2010;24(3):180-184]

Published

2016-10-12

How to Cite

Mitiku, H., Legless, M., Teklemariam, Z., & Erko, B. (2016). Transmission of Schistosoma mansoni in Tikur Wuha area, Southern Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 24(3). Retrieved from https://ejhd.org/index.php/ejhd/article/view/396

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