Dog bite as a public health concern in Addis Ababa

Authors

Abstract

Abstract Introduction: Animal bites and scratches represent the most important public health issue related to dogs and cats because of the risk of rabies transmission associated with physical, psychological trauma and wound infection. Objective: The study was aimed at estimating the prevalence of animal bite of human beings in Addis Ababa. Methods: Data on the kind of animal, age of the patients, gender, site of bites and /or scratch were collected from the registry book and analyzed using SPSS version 11.5. Results: A total of 1299 cases of bite and/or scratch were reported for the period September 2008 to August 2009. The majority of bites were made by dogs where stray dogs are much higher (X 2 = 0.83, p= 0.36). There is statistically highly significant difference of bites between sex (p = 0.001) and between age group (F = 5.41, p=0.02). The animal bite made by dogs was higher on legs (55.6 %) followed by hands (26.45 %) and multiple bites (7.51 %). Conclusions: The majority of bites were attributed to stray dogs followed by cats, horses, donkeys. To reduce the problem a preventative public education is suggested. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2011;25(1):58-60]

Published

2020-12-29

How to Cite

Mengistu, F., Hussein, K., Ali, A., Getahun, G., & Sifer, D. (2020). Dog bite as a public health concern in Addis Ababa. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 25(2). Retrieved from https://ejhd.org/index.php/ejhd/article/view/219

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