• Hailu Negassa
  • Hailu Kefene
  • Lev Khodakevich
  • Debrework Zewdie
  • Bekele Shanko


SUMMARY: After the first AIDS case was identified in Ethiopia in February 1986, 636 cases have been reported through November 1990. A marked increase in the number of cases was noted from year to year during the five years: 0.3% of all cases were reported in 1986, 2.7% In 1987, 13.4% in 1988, 28.5% in 1989 and 55.2% up to end of November 1990. The large majority of the patients (87.6%) were diagnosed in Addis Ababa hospitals; the remainder were reported from regional hospitals. 445(70.0%) of all patients were males; 191 were females; with a male to female sex ratio of2.3:1. The average age for both sexes was 31.1 years with 32.9 years for males and 26.9 years for females. Sexual contact with multiple partners, history of Sills, and injections received outside of medical institutions, were the three major risk factors identified in 61.3%, 45.6% and 7.9% of the patients respectively. Of the three major clinical features of the WHO case definition, marked weight loss (failure to thrive), was found in 581 (91.4%) of the patients, prolonged fever > 1 month in 542 (85.2%) cases and chronic diarrhea in 296 (46.5%) of the patients. Generalized lymphadenopathy, persistent cough for over 1 month, and generalized pruritic dermatitis were the common minor symptoms identified. It was documented that 361 (60.1 %) of the patients were alive; 163 (27.2%) died.




How to Cite

Negassa, H., Kefene, H., Khodakevich, L., Zewdie, D., & Shanko, B. (2017). PROFILE OF AIDS CASES IN ETHIOPIA. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 4(2). Retrieved from



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