Risk Factors for Hepatitis B Infection among Senior Secondary School Students in a metropolitan city in north- central Nigeria
AbstractBackgound: Hepatitis B is the most prevalent chronic infectious liver disease worldwide with serious sequelae. This study aims to determine the Risk factors for hepatitis B infection and its determinants among Senior Secondary school students in Ilorin East Local government area of Kwara state, Nigeria. Methods: Multistage sampling technique was used to recruit 424 adolescents into the study. Pretested Interviewer administered semi-structured questionnaires were used for the study. Data were analyzed using STATA version 10.1 software. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The major risk factors in the study population were; contact with blood or body fluids (33.7%), family history of previous infection of HBV (30.4%) of the respondents; one sexual partner (16.5%), multiple sexual partners (15.3%) and; ear or body piercing (14.9%). Majority (78.1%) of the respondents had a low risk, while 8.0% had medium risk, only 59 (13.9%) of the respondents had high risk of Hepatitis B virus infection. Significant relationships were found between risk score and school type, gender, family history of the disease mothersâ€™ and fathersâ€™ educational background of the respondents (p<0.05). Conclusion: Risk was low among the respondents. There is a need for a community wide campaign on health risk awareness and perception of HBV.
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