Birth outcome and HIV infection among labouring women in Assosa Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia.



Abstract Background: Perinatal mortality rate is a sensitive indicator of quality of care provided to women in pregnancy, at and after childbirth and to the newborns in the first week of life. Regular prenatal audit would help in identifying all the factors that play a role in causing prenatal deaths and thus help take appropriate interventions to reduce the avoidable once, at least. Knowledge of mothers’ HIV positive status provides an entry point for appropriate care of the mothers, HIV exposed infants and other family members including children. Objectives: To assess birth outcomes and the magnitude of HIV infection among labouring mothers in Assosa hospital. Method: An institution-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in Assosa hospital from September 2008 to August 2009. A total of 581 labouring women were interviewed using a pretested structured questionnaire. Results: Data was obtained from 581 mothers. HIV infection among labouring women was 6.5%. Mothers, who had primary education [AOR=4.76, 95%CI= 1.81-12.52], no formal education [AOR=3.05, 95%CI= 1.08-8.64], mothers with two or more pregnancies [AOR=2.64, 95%CI= 1.08-6.49], and Muslims [AOR=0.32,95%CI= 0.13-0.82] were the independent predictors of HIV infection. There were 525 live births. The prenatal deaths were 69, making an overall prenatal mortality of 119 per 1000 total births. Bivariate analysis showed that rural women, women who had no ANC visit, mothers aged 30 years and above, with no formal education, housewives, Berta women of in ethnic group and Muslim were crudely associated with higher risk of prenatal mortality. Conclusion: The study identified high level of perinatal mortality and HIV infection. This study calls for effective antenatal care, delivering service, and a coordinated referral system and community interventions including HIV counseling, testing (VCT), treatment and support. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2011;25(1):10-16]


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How to Cite

Chekol, A. (2016). Birth outcome and HIV infection among labouring women in Assosa Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 25(1). Retrieved from