Antropometric measurements and public health nutrition related with bread type preferences

Authors

  • Havvanur YOLDAS ILKTAC Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Istanbul Medeniyet University
  • Muazzez Garipagaoglu Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Fenerbahce University

Abstract

Background: Refined grains, including also white bread, are included in the unhealthy diet and are claimed to cause obesity. Actually, the key question is whether or how much each of the nutrients in the diet is responsible for obesity and the increased risk of disease. Besides, the questions “Do those who consume white bread have an unhealthier diet, have a higher risk of obesity?” or on the contrary, “Are those who prefer whole grain bread a more adequate and balanced diet, or is this a prejudice?” are other questions that are important to answer. This study aims to determine the anthropometric measurements of individuals by the type of bread they prefer and the differences in energy and nutrients they receive with their daily diet. Methods: Study was conducted with randomly selected 1554 volunteer individuals aged between 18-65 years in Istanbul Province of Turkey. The data of the study were collected through a questionnaire form applied by the face-to-face interview method. Demographic information, anthropometric measurements, and the most consumed bread types were examined in the questionnaire form. Results: It was found that white bread was preferred the most. White bread was found to be consumed 159.4±94 g/day, while whole-grain bread 131.2±89.2 g/day. In all groups, those who consume white bread were found to have lower BMI, waist circumference, and waist-to-height ratio, while the difference was not significant. Compared to those who consume white bread, those who consume whole-grain bread were found to take lower amounts of carbohydrates in their daily nutrition but high fiber, high protein, high fat, high saturated fat, and high cholesterol. Conclusion: This study revealed that nutrition comprises a whole in fact, and some stereotyped biases can mislead us. In further studies, considering the eating habits of countries and the essential nutrients they consume would be a more accurate approach in terms of revealing the individual health effects of foods.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Published

2022-11-23

How to Cite

YOLDAS ILKTAC, H., & Garipagaoglu, M. (2022). Antropometric measurements and public health nutrition related with bread type preferences. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development. Retrieved from https://ejhd.org/index.php/ejhd/article/view/3570

Issue

Section

Original Articles