Needs of primary caregivers of schizophrenia patients and the effect on caregiving burden: A cross-sectional study
Caregiving Burden of Caregivers
Background: Patientsâ€™ relatives usually care for patients with schizophrenia. The caregivers can experience some difficulties during the caregiving process. This can increase the caregiving burden of caregivers.
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the requirements of primary caregivers of schizophrenia patients and their effect on caregiver burden.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on caregivers of 94 schizophrenia patients. A questionnaire form and Caregiving Burden Scale were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics, Variance Analysis, Student's t-test, Mann Whitney U test, Linear Regression and Correlation Analysis were used to analysis data.
Results: The average score of Caregiving Burden Scale of the primary caregivers is determined as 38.47Â±15.05. Primary caregivers had difficulty in giving medication to their patients, the requirement of knowledge about drug treatment and side effects, coping with symptoms of schizophrenia, early warning signs, communication skills, coping with stress, psychosocial treatment methods, planning of the patients' leisure activities, and contribution of the patient to home life affected the caregiving burden (p<0.05).
Conclusions: The overall Caregiving Burden Scale mean score of caregivers was considered as moderate. It is seen that caregivers' requirements affect the burden of care during the caregiving process. It was considered that the feeling of burden care for caregivers will be able to reduce with giving consultancy services related to what they need and with the creation of comprehensive, systematic, continuous education programs including the difficulties faced by caregivers and the requirements being able to cope easily with the difficulties during caregiving.
Key words: Care, caregiving burden, caregiver, needs, schizophrenia