Background: Lung disease is known to be closely related to oral health. However, there is a lack of research on the relationship between lung disease and oral health in Korean adults. In this regard, lung disease is known to be closely related to oral health, but there is a lack of research on the relationship between lung disease and oral health in Korean adults.
Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the status of lung disease in relation to the oral health status of Korean adults. In previous studies, the relationship between oral health and lung disease was not clearly established. There is a need, therefore, to identify the associations between oral health and lung disease
Methods: The subjects were recruited from community health centers and several hospitals, and were analyzed and classified into three groups: normal, restrictive lung disease, and obstructive lung disease. The total number of cases was 2,643. Data used in this study were from the 6th National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015), produced by Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Analysis of variance and Duncan post-hoc tests were performed to determine the oral health characteristics of subjects in all three groups.
Results: Based on a comparative analysis of the status of teeth, gingiva, prosthesis and oral care in patients with normal lungs, restrictive lung disease and obstructive lung disease, those with lung disease had a significantly higher incidence of periodontal tissue, prosthesis condition and periodontal disease compared to normal subjects.
Through this study, patients with lung disease had significantly higher incidence of deteriorated periodontal tissue and periodontal disease compared to normal subjects.
Conclusion: From the study, we can say that the relationship between lung disease and oral health is significantly positive correlate. So, there is a need to consider periodontal tissue, prosthesis condition, temporomandibular joints, and the presence of the periodontal disease among lung disease patients This study also highlights the necessity of oral health education awareness-raising programs for patients with lung diseases. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2018;32(4):257-264]
Keywords: Lung disease patients, oral health, education program, Korean adults