Arm cranking exercise improves carbohydrate and lipid metabolic disorders in sedentary adults with chronic spinal cord injury

Authors

  • Rosety Rodriguez M
  • Fornieles G Fornieles G
  • Rosety I Rosety I
  • Diaz AJ Diaz AJ
  • Rosety MA Rosety MA
  • Derbew M Derbew M
  • Ordonez FJ Ordonez FJ

Abstract

Abstract Objective: To determine the influence of arm-cranking exercise (ACE) on improving disorders in sedentary adults with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods: Seventeen male adults with complete SCI at or below the 5th thoracic level (T5) volunteered for this community-based supervised intervention. Participants were randomly allocated to the intervention (n=9) or control group (n=8) using a concealed method. The intervention consisted of a 12-week arm cranking exercise program, 3 sessions/week, consisting of warming up (10-15 min) followed by arm-cranking (20-30 min [increasing by two minutes and 30 seconds each in three weeks]) at a moderate work intensity of 50-65% of heart rate reserve (HRR), (starting at 50% and increasing 5% each three weeks) and by a cooling-down period (5-10 min). Plasma lipids profile was assessed using standard methods and techniques. Lastly, insulin resistance was evaluated by the homeostasis model of assessment insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR). Results: After the completion of the training program, plasma lipid profile significantly improved. Similarly, insulin resistance was decreased. No changes were found in the control group. Conclusion: A short-term, 12-week arm cranking exercise program improves carbohydrate and lipid metabolic disorders in adults with chronic SCI. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2013;27(3):243-248]

Published

2016-10-05

How to Cite

Rodriguez M, R., Fornieles G, F. G., Rosety I, R. I., Diaz AJ, D. A., Rosety MA, R. M., Derbew M, D. M., & Ordonez FJ, O. F. (2016). Arm cranking exercise improves carbohydrate and lipid metabolic disorders in sedentary adults with chronic spinal cord injury. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 27(3). Retrieved from https://ejhd.org/index.php/ejhd/article/view/164