SOME ASPECTS OF MALARIA PREV ALENCE, VECTOR INFECTIVITY AND D DT RESIST AN CE STUDIES IN GAMBELIA REGION, SOUTHERN WESTERN ETHIOPIA

Authors

  • Wondatir Nigatu
  • Beyene Petros
  • Mesfin Lulu
  • Nessguse Adugna
  • Robert Wtrtz
  • Dejene Tilahun
  • Sen Ent Tecb

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax in thehuman population, infectivity and DDT resistance of Anopheles mosquitoes were studied on samples collected during the peak malaria season of 1990 from Gambella, South West Ethiopia. Mosquito vectors collected were assorted into species and their infectivity with malaria parasites was determined by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In the human population out of a total of 821 individuals examined from nine villages, 4.1% (34) were found to be positive for malaria parasites. Of the 34 positive individuals 5.9% (2) were positive for Plasmodium vivax and 94.1 (32) for Plasmodium falciparum. Although relatively high positivity rates for malaria were observed in 1-4 and 5-14 age groups, the difference in the rates of positivity was not statistically significant for the whole population (P = 0.5077). However, a significant difference in parasite prevalence was detected between the nine localities (P < 0.05). Compared to that of 1989, the overall malaria prevalence rate in the human population significantly decreased in 1990 (P < 0.05). Insecticide susceptibility studies revealed the presence of DDT resistant Anopheles gambiae s.l. mosquitos in Itang. Furthermore, a strong evidence would suspect the vectorial status of A. pharoensis was obtained by detecting salivary gland sporozoite antigens of P. vivax in the head region of two mosquitos. Sporozoite rates of 0.76% (P. falciparum) for A. gambiae s.l. and 0.47% (P. vivax) for A. pharoensis were determined. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 1994;8(1):1

Published

2017-04-06

How to Cite

Nigatu, W., Petros, B., Lulu, M., Adugna, N., Wtrtz, R., Tilahun, D., & Ent Tecb, S. (2017). SOME ASPECTS OF MALARIA PREV ALENCE, VECTOR INFECTIVITY AND D DT RESIST AN CE STUDIES IN GAMBELIA REGION, SOUTHERN WESTERN ETHIOPIA. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 8(1). Retrieved from https://ejhd.org/index.php/ejhd/article/view/1092

Issue

Section

Original Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>