Prevalence and significance of sexually transmitted diseases among Ethiopian women attending antenatal clinics in Addis Ababa

Authors

  • M Elizabeth Duncan
  • Gerard Tibaus
  • Andree Pelzer
  • Letebirhan Mehari
  • John Peutherer
  • Hugh Young
  • Yasmin Jamil
  • Sohrab Darougar
  • Inga Lind
  • Karin Reimann
  • Peter Piot
  • Erwin Roggen
  • Peter L Perine

Abstract

Abstract: To determine the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and the risk for (i) the mother regarding pregnancy wastage and puerperal sepsis and (ii) the child with regard to congenital and neonatal infection, 342 routine antenatal clinic (ANC) at tenders were investigated. The prevalence of antibodies showing exposure to specific STD pathogens in pregnant women attending ANC was: syphilis (TPHA) 27%, (VDR:) 28%, gonorrhoea 43%, genital chlamydiae 54%, HBV 37%, HSV-2 35 %, H ducreyi 10%. High titre seropositivity suggestive of active infection was: gonorrhoea 10%, genital chlamydiae 31 %, HSV2 19%; with HBV SAg 5% -all of which are likely to be transmitted to the foetus in utero or during delivery. Only 10% of ANC at tenders had no serological evidence of any STD: 72% had serological evidence for two or more STDs. Among conditions requiring treatment vaginitis was the most important, 20% having a severe trichomonal infection. Despite the frequency of this condition it was noted that few women (4%) complained of vaginal discharge. Thus women attending the ANC revealed a high prevalence of STD. Consequently the foetus and neonate are put at risk because of intrauterine or intrapartum transmission of infection. The high prevalence among ANC at tenders also reflects the relative prevalence of STDs in the community. Measures such as screening at ANC and information and education regarding prevention are required to reduce STDs in pregnant women and their sexual partners. Prophylaxis for the neonate can be considered until this goal is achieved. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 1995;9(1 ):31-40]

Published

2017-04-05

How to Cite

Duncan, M. E., Tibaus, G., Pelzer, A., Mehari, L., Peutherer, J., Young, H., Jamil, Y., Darougar, S., Lind, I., Reimann, K., Piot, P., Roggen, E., & L Perine, P. (2017). Prevalence and significance of sexually transmitted diseases among Ethiopian women attending antenatal clinics in Addis Ababa. The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 9(1). Retrieved from https://ejhd.org/index.php/ejhd/article/view/1062

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Section

Original Articles

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