Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) service availability at health facilities in Ethiopia: Evidence from 2014 Ethiopian service provision assessment

Kassahun Amenu, Theodros Getachew, Abebe Bekele, Atkure Defar, Mekonnen Taddesse, Habtamu Teklie, Terefe Gelibo, Yibeltal Assefa, Amha Kebede

Abstract


Abstract
Background: Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a group of infections which are especially endemic in low-income populations in developing regions of Africa, Asia, and the Americas. In sub-Saharan Africa, the impact of these diseases as a group is comparable to malaria and tuberculosis. The diseases recognized as neglected tropical diseases by the World Health Organization (WHO) are: Chagas disease, Cysticercosis and taeniasis, Dengue fever, Dracunculiasis, Echinococcosis, Human African trypanosomiasis, Leishmaniasis, Leprosy, Lymphatic filariasis, Onchocerciasis, Rabies, Schistosomiasis, Soil-transmitted helminthiasis, Trachoma, and Yaws. Most of these diseases are either preventable through mass drug administration (MDA) and proper hygiene and sanitation, or treatable through systematic case finding and management. This study was conducted with the aim of assessing the availability of services for neglected tropical diseases management at health facilities in Ethiopia.
Method: The assessment is part of the 2014 Ethiopian Service Provision Assessment Plus (ESPA+) Survey. A total of 873 health facilities were assessed for this analysis. All Hospitals, selected health centre, and private clinics were assessed if they provide services for Neglected Tropical Diseases.
Result: More than half of all health facilities offer services for both soil transmitted helminthes (64 percent), and services for trachoma (60 percent). About four of every ten health facilities offer services for schistosomiasis. On the other hand, services for onchocerciasis, leishmanianis and lymphatic filariases were available in less than a third of all health facilities (27%, 25% and 24%, respectively).
Conclusion and recommendation: Even though, the availability of service for neglected tropical disease in health facilities is relatively good in general, there should be equitable distribution of neglected tropical disease service provision among regions. And private facilities should give emphasis for the provision of these services. [Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2017;31(Special Issue):378-383]
Key words: Service Availability, NTDs, SPA+, Ethiopia

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